The Jurisprudence of Muslim Minorities (FIQH AL-AQALIYYAT)

  1. Course overview:

Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat—the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities—is a legal doctrine asserting that Muslim minorities, especially those residing in the West, deserve a special legal discipline to address their unique religious needs that differ from those of Muslims residing in Islamic countries.

Developed as a means of assisting Muslim minorities in practicing their faith, it deals with the problems Muslims face in countries where they are minorities and focuses more on special and exceptional rulings for those special circumstances. For that reason, this course is designed to educate  AZAC students extensively on those special Islamic rulings.

2. Course objectives

      • To teach and provide Muslims living in Non-Islamic lands with ruling on contemporary issues to make it easy for them to adhere to the teachings of Islam.
      • To teach upcoming Islamic scholars to adapt the Islamic Sharia to the necessities of Muslim communities in the minority regions, which in practice means allowing legal leniencies so that these communities are able to develop.

3. Course outline:

1The use of alcohol in the manufacture of drugs
2Food consisting of prohibited substances
3Eating in restaurants where haram foods/drinks are served
4Mixing permissible food with a little amount of impermissible food
5Litigation to statutory courts
6Litigation between Muslim minorities
7Swearing by the Bible
8Shaking hands with a woman( non- mahram)
9Testifying for non-muslim 
10Greeting the unbeliever by bowing
11Accept and pay a gift to the non-Muslim
12Greeting non-Muslims by saying Assalam alaykum
13Visitation of non-Muslims
14Non-Muslims entering the mosque
15becoming a national of a non-Islamic country