The Jurisprudence of Muslim Minorities (FIQH AL-AQALIYYAT)

  1. Course overview:

Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat—the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities—is a legal doctrine asserting that Muslim minorities, especially those residing in the West, deserve a special legal discipline to address their unique religious needs that differ from those of Muslims residing in Islamic countries.

Developed as a means of assisting Muslim minorities in practising their faith, it deals with the problems Muslims face in countries where they are minorities and focuses more on special and exceptional rulings for those special circumstances. For that reason, this course is designed to educate  AZAC students extensively on those special Islamic rulings.

2. Course objectives

      • To teach and provide Muslims living in Non-Islamic lands with ruling on contemporary issues to make it easy for them to adhere to the teachings of Islam.
      • To teach upcoming Islamic scholars to adapt the Islamic Sharia to the necessities of Muslim communities in the minority regions, which in practice means allowing legal leniencies so that these communities are able to develop.

3. Course outline:

1Establishing more than one congregational prayer in one mosque
2Renting a church/nightclub for Friday or Eid prayers
3Combining prayers because of school, work, or lack of prayers time signs
4Friday sermon or Eid in a language other than Arabic
5Prayers in the polar regions and equator regions
6Fasting in the south or the north poles
7Building Islamic centres with Zakat
8Deducting tax from zakat
9Condolences for non-Muslims
10Burying Muslims in the graves of non-Muslims
11Burying Muslims in a coffin
12Eating the meats slaughtered by the People of the Book
13Eating meats slaughtered by anyone other than the People of the Book