The jurisprudence of Muslim minorities (Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat)

  1. Course overview:

Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat—the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities—is a legal doctrine asserting that Muslim minorities, especially those residing in the West, deserve a special new legal discipline to address their unique religious needs that differ from those of Muslims residing in Islamic countries.

Developed as a means of assisting Muslim minorities in practising their faith, it deals with the problems Muslims face in countries where they are minorities and focuses more on special and exceptional rulings for those special circumstances.

For that reason, this course is designed by AZAC to address most of the religious challenges the Muslims Ummah living in countries where the majority are not Muslims and living under the non-Islamic rule.


  1. Course objectives:

1- To teach and provide Muslims living in Non-Islamic lands with ruling on contemporary issues to make it easy for them to adhere to the teachings of Islam.

2- To teach upcoming Islamic scholars to adapt the law to the necessities of Muslim communities in the minority regions, which in practice means allowing legal leniencies so that these communities are able to develop.


  1. Course outline:

1- Establishing more than one congregational prayer in one mosque

2- Renting a church/nightclub for Friday or Eid prayers

3- Combining prayers because of school, work, or lack of prayers time signs

4- Friday sermon or Eid in a language other than Arabic

5- Prayers in the polar regions and equator regions

6- Fasting in the south or the north poles

7- Building Islamic centres with Zakat

8- Deducting tax from zakat

9- Condolences for non-Muslims

10- Burying Muslims in the graves of non-Muslims

11- Burying Muslims in a coffin

13- Eating the meats slaughtered by the People of the Book

14- Eating meats slaughtered by anyone other than the People of the Book