The Jurisprudence of Muslim Minorities (FIQH AL-AQALIYYAT)

  1. Course overview:

Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat—the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities—is a legal doctrine asserting that Muslim minorities, especially those residing in the West, deserve a special legal discipline to address their unique religious needs that differ from those of Muslims residing in Islamic countries.

Developed as a means of assisting Muslim minorities in practicing their faith, it deals with the problems Muslims face in countries where they are minorities and focuses more on special and exceptional rulings for those special circumstances. For that reason, this course is designed to educate  AZAC students extensively on those special Islamic rulings.

2. Course objectives

      • To teach and provide Muslims living in Non-Islamic lands with ruling on contemporary issues to make it easy for them to adhere to the teachings of Islam.
      • To teach upcoming Islamic scholars to adapt the Islamic Sharia to the necessities of Muslim communities in the minority regions, which in practice means allowing legal leniencies so that these communities are able to develop.

3. Course outline:

1Conversion of  a woman to Islam without her husband 
2Convenient Marriage in western countries
3Temporary marriage subjected to reproduction
4Marriage while travelling and marriage of interest
5Marriage in the church and documentation of marriage in non-Islamic courts
6Marriage between a man and a woman who committed adultery. 
7Attributing woman to her husband's family
8The impact of apostasy on marriage contract
9Filing for divorce by a woman 
10Non-Muslim custody of a Muslim child
11Inheritance between a Muslim and others
12Adoption from the Islamic perspective 
13Artificial insemination
14Muslim marriage to communist